Van Hoppen (1917) Vondel’s Lucifer – 1654 Play Theater


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Van Hoppen, Leonard Charles. Vondel’s Lucifer, Translated from the Dutch. (Chas. I. Van Hoppen: Greensboro, NC., 1917)

12mo. 458 pages. Hardcover, bound in orange cloth-covered boards with a black and white woodcut laid on. Title and author stamped in black on front cover and spine.

Condition: Bright and clean, rear lower corner bumped. Hinges tight, binding solid. Superior copy.

“It has been suggested that John Milton drew inspiration from Lucifer (1654) and Adam in Ballingschap (1664) for his Paradise Lost (1667). In some respects the two works have similarities: the focus on Lucifer, the description of the battle in heaven between Lucifer’s forces and Michael’s, and the anti-climax as Adam and Eve leave Paradise.” – Wikipedia

“Vondel was born on 17 November 1587 on the Große Witschgasse in Cologne, Holy Roman Empire. His parents were Mennonites of Antwerpian descent. In 1595, probably because of their religious conviction, they fled to Utrecht, and from there, they eventually moved to Amsterdam in the newly formed Dutch Republic.

“At the age of 23, Vondel married Mayken de Wolff. Together they had four children, of whom two died in infancy. After the death of his father in 1608, Vondel managed the family hosiery shop on the Warmoesstraat in Amsterdam. In the meantime, he began to learn Latin and became acquainted with famous poets such as Roemer Visscher.

?Around the year 1641, he converted to Catholicism. This was a great shock to most of his fellow countrymen because the main conviction and de facto state religion in the Republic was CalvinistProtestantism. It is still unclear why he became a Catholic although his love for a Catholic lady may have played a role in this (Mayken de Wolff had died in 1635).

“During his life, he became one of the main advocates for religious tolerance. After the arrest, trial and the immediate beheading of the most important civilian leader of the States of the Netherlands, Johan van Oldenbarnevelt (1619), at the command of his enemy, Prince Maurits of Nassau, and the Synod of Dort (1618–1619), the Calvinists had become the decisive religious power in the Republic. Public practice of Catholicism, Anabaptism and Arminianism was from then on officially forbidden but worship in clandestine houses of prayer was tolerated. Vondel wrote many satires criticising the Calvinists and extolling Oldenbarnevelt. That, together with his new faith, made him an unpopular figure in Calvinist circles. He died a bitter man though he was honoured by many fellow poets, on 5 February 1679.

“George Borrow called him “by far the greatest [man] that Holland ever produced.” – Wikipedia